Tag Archive: history

The Empire

The empire if puted in charge to keep coeso its territory and its institutions, from the necessity of if keeping complete to the Portuguese yoke and/or separatistas movements, remaining in second plain the consolidation of nationalistic ideal, in these terms the security of the territory if made of accurate necessity. The inverse movement became, instead of firming a nationality from new institutions that legitimized and consolidated a territoriality acquired with independence, was firmed independence from the consolidation of a territoriality, where it did not have a strong nationality, they bound that them, the empire still would evidence that the particularitity of this process would be exactly ' ' wire condutor' ' of some separatistas revolts, that if had followed all during the empire. The unit of the Brazilian territory would be kept, less in virtue of a nationalistic ideal fort and more for the necessity to keep the complete territory, in order to assure the survival and the consolidation of independence. This imbrglio conditioned the permanence of the conception of nationality and patriotism, on to the xenofobismo, this scene would remain without many alterations during the first reign and good part of as. Not obstante the invasion imposed for the Paraguayans to the Brazilian territory by means of the province of the Mato Grosso, it developed a new conception of patriotism and nationalism, therefore the maintenance of the unit of the territory already was not on only to the xenofobismo casusta, was permeada by the defense of this in detriment of invaders. The speech that was rank during the invasion of the Brazilian territory, was that it are not invaded an only province, but, the unit that if constituira as the empire as a whole, and that necessarily ' ' casa' ' of the Brazilians it are violated for an enemy of ' ' fora' ' , that it not only violates the territory, but, the brio and pride of each inhabitant of this ' ' casa' '.


The anacronismo properly said, when we attribute values of a time to another one, opposing or better expressing, ignoring and disrespecting one another reality. Example: to speak on Internet in Old Greece, being that we know that as much the technology how much the term did not exist at such time. This example esdrxulo was only for not leaving doubts regarding the anacronismo, but we could even though think about one same concept in distinct realities, as for example, the democracy Greek and what our society contemporary understands as democracy. After this brief clarification concerning the anacronismo, we go the question that I consider here. It is consensus between the historiogrficas theoretical lines that the man belongs to its time, that is, is arraigado of values and consequentemente positions of the time where it lives, being passive nuances of the period where he is inserted. Mainly the professionals of certain areas, as the historians for example, must have acuidade in the treatment of such question, respecting the values of a time when if it premakes use to study it, serving of methodology and ethical position so that it can make a multicriteria analysis and searching to denigrate the possible minimum its object of study. The controversy that here explicit has as mote this paradox, as a man, being subject of its time, can analyze without committing the anacronismo, leading in consideration that not only its look, more also the method that uses is contemporary and that consequentemente he will be being anachronistic when studying the previous processes to its time? The conclusion that I arrive is that the anacronismo is inevitable, however, is tolerable until certain intolerable point and from other points. The validity of the anacronismo while ' ' positivo' ' if it relates to the fact to be limited has a method contemporary, being carried through by a man in its time, loading in the bulge different values of its object of study, leading in consideration that does not occur a total removal between researcher and object of study, what it takes in them to as the point, anachronistic intolerncia is what it serves as parameter to take precautions itself of mistakes.

Thus being, the more anachronistic, less faithful it will be its analysis and how much lesser this mistake, more consistency gets in the application of the method. The moved away look must also make the researcher to attempt against it the distanciamento, if not making of redentor, but having some conscience of its immense limitations, looking for at times, the more remote, sources ' ' brutas' ' , in the direction of more fidedignidades to the caught period. What it can be mentioned as example, the coherence of the French philosopher Michel Foucautl, when writing its History of the Sexuality, the search in knowing the language Greek who was the origin of sources of the treated subject, respecting the nomenclature based on studies pautados for theoretical referencial of philosophers of the proper period, giving a bigger credibility for leaving that she almost said for itself the analyzed texts, sending air-tight process to it of translation with the minimum of transliterao that it was possible. The anacronismo does not exclude the credibility of the historiogrfica research, but always it will be a shade to the watch, desiring to any incautiousness, to swallow the believed luminosity of the epgonos of the mitolgicos demiurges of long ago.

Western Scientific

The growth of economic indicators in the period amounted to more than 10% per year, which at first delighted and then shocked the world superpower. To the scientific and technological development of the state recovered from devastating effects of World War II, was used strategy, already used once in an era Meytszi. The development of science and technology in the home require enormous costs and, more importantly, many years, which threatened to severe economic backwardness. For 30 years, since 1949 Japan has acquired a total of 34 thousand licenses and patents in their western colleagues. have been creatively elaborated by the Japanese and, most importantly, quickly put into production. The first the owners of Western firms do not perceive Japan as a potential competitor, and therefore sold the patents and licenses for literally pennies. As a result of the creation of scientific and technical potential cost of Japan in 78 billion dollars, and scientists met the shortest possible time.

The effectiveness of this strategy is estimated between 400% – in general, up to 1800% – in some sectors). At the turn of 60-70 years. West has stopped coming to his senses scientific and technical makeup of Japanese competitor, but by that time Japan has already established its own R & D base. To date, the science of Japan at the forefront of new technologies. Taking into account the experience of the past, the country uses most of its development to improve the quality of life and environmental protection. Created and perfected a new, environmentally-friendly engines for cars, robots and effective medicines, make life easier disabled citizens, saved and reused energy and precious metals.