Archive for September, 2012

Geographic Information System

Geoprocessamento comes to be the automatized use of information, where in some way she is on to an accurate place in the space, either by means of a mere address or for certain coordinates. The systems are several that are part of the Geoprocessamento, between them which, are the GIS or System of Geographic Information, that comes to be the system that congregates greater capacity of processing and analysis of space data. The use of these systems develops information that allow to take decisions to place in practise action. These systems if apply to any subject that it manipulates given or entailed information to one determined place in the space, and that its elements can be represented in a map, as houses, schools, hospitals, and thus for ahead. Many times the volume of information makes it difficult the quality of the information, but, also the union of the important factors for a made right decision. It is in this aspect that the contribution of the systems of Geoprocessamento enters, and mainly of the GIS. Around world where if it lives, nowadays, where the technology evolves each time more and more, and its evolution is so fast, that, even though the new features that are for flowing, already nor is more new features, the Geoprocessamento would not be different, a time that it makes use of the evolution of the technology, to facilitate the difficulties, and nothing more it is of what the junction of collection technologies, treatment, development and use of georreferenciadas information. ABSTRACT: Geoprocessing you eat the uses of automated information, which is somehow linked you an exact place in space, or through simple address or coordinates certain. There ploughs several systems that ploughs part of Geoprocessing, among which ploughs the GIS or Geographic Information System, which is you be the system that combines to greater capacity will be processing and analysis of spatial date.

CFE Servants

Nevertheless, although many already we are cured of frights, djeme I set out the reason to him reason why this case is still interesting. It is that the Department of Justice of the USA gave a to know by means of an official notice the investigation a network bribes by hundreds thousands dollars in which 4 civil servants of the Federal Commission of Electricity are implied. The official notice informs that John Or Shea, ex- manager of a branch of the American company Sugar Land (subsidiary of the corporative ABB Group) authorized in 1997 to bribe to four managers which not yet they occur to know his names in exchange for contracts. The operation was coordinated by the Mexican Mayan Fernando Basurto, who maintained contacts with these civil servants and whom its culpability 16 of November confessed the past. Or Shea, was accused of 18 violations the Law of Corrupt Practices abroad, where also positions of money laundering, document conspiracy and falsification are included.

According to the authorities, this branch signed at least two contracts with CFE by goods and services from 1997, first by implementing a Realtime information system of Administration and Control of Energa (SITRACEN) by 44mdd and the second in 2003 period in which he was to the order Felipe Caldern Hinojosa to renew the contract, to modernize and to give maintenance to the SITRACEN by 37mdd. The agreement with the corrupt managers of CFE was to give 10% to them of the money that Sugar Land obtained by the awardings, – that not even occurred by licitation. The bribes disguised like legitimate payments by technical services and of maintenance. As it is to be expected the reaction of the CFE was to define itself of the facts alleging that never it had knowledge of these acts, and until it interposed a penal denunciation that gave rise to the previous inquiry 136/2009 against that is responsible for corruption acts which they involve the American companies, which will be in charge of the Office of the public prosecutor for Crimes Committed by servants public of the PGR. Nevertheless, documents of one cut federal of the United States, assure that ABB informed at least into these facts to the Mexican authorities from 2004, when the company discovered this bribe and alerted to the Department of Justice of the United States and to Mexican authorities. The subject does not have for when to finish and in many cases is spoken in which Light and Force of the Center also participated in contracts with this company of Swiss origin; what by the way, its extinction justifies according to the federal Executive according to the presidential decree of the 11 of October. But the question is in the air, will be really the Federal Commission of Electricity company of world-wide stature?

Methods Control

Important it is to stand out in this point that although these models to be attempts of continued improvements, still exist the call automation of the processes information, factor that allows the companies to reduce its supplies, to increase its productive capacity and the quality of its services, beyond diminishing the time of processing and the level of production. Thus the automation of the manufactures can simply produce a competitive advantage for the increase of answers for qualities and shorter times of reaction. The more companies if to automatize, more competitive pressures will force to other in such a way proceed it companies until the point that the automation of information systems pass to be the equivalent to its proper survival. But so that this reality is present and operating and, that it can produce resulted positive is necessary the existence of a good planning and an efficient system of managemental control. The handle of this, Antonio Cury comments in its book, Organizations and Methods – a holistic vision – that a good managemental planning this in the choice of goals and forecast of results through some ways that, therefore, direction of as if to reach the goals desired by means of a managemental control and actions that will program the planned decisions. It complements, still, that of the flexibility of the planning by means of foreseen situations they do not allow the controlling better to use to advantage the chances that had not been foreseen when of the original plan. that by no means, the managemental control would have to mean to the controlling, allegiance to the established plans, specifically when new events indicate that the actions that will bring better resulted for the company they are not in accord with the original plan. I idealize that inside of this context and in the vision of my research it is certain that a good planning and a good control are so linked to the point that many controlling do not perceive or they do not lose time trying to establish rigid distinctions between both and that the problems that involve the systems of managemental control the imperfections are exclusively on technician and to the types of systems of information used or in the frequency with that human factor or capital operative and changeable human being, is many times the responsible one for many of these problems.

Scholastic Libraries

the creation and application on national scale of different information systems able to guarantee the services to the population such as; National system of Bibliotecas Pblicas (SNBP), National System of Scholastic Libraries, National System of File, National System of Information of Sciences and Technology, System of University Libraries, National System of Medical Information and National System of Farming Information. the SNBP, has its methodologic governing center in the National Library Jose Mart, is formed by 401 public libraries: 13 at provincial level, 156 policemen and 232 branch presents in countryside and urban, took care of in 2004, to 8.7 million users and offered 13.6 million services. the scientific centers toil incessantly to develop vaccines, drugs and treatments against the diseases, in particular, most serious than knock down, not only to our country, but also to those of the Third World. the television, radio and presses do not practice the commercial publicity. Any promotion is directed to questions of health, education, culture, deports, recreation, defense of the environment; it fights against drugs, or other problems of social character.

In Cuba, for more than four decades, all the means of the country, including some international, integrates the great regional alternative press, with international presence, taking advantage of the use the TIC, because the Caribbean country account at the moment with 136 mass media in Internet. The antihegemonic message of its spaces is consequent with all the principles proclaimed by the NOIIC, ethical of UNESCO and the original ones of the FELAP. Cuba has devised and developed technical to teach to read and to write by radio with texts today made in five languages: creole, Portuguese, English and Spanish French, that has been put in practice in several countries. He was developed similar method in Spanish, I yes Can, to alphabetize using the television which was used in Venezuela with magnificent results.